Justification or excuse, although they are easy to confuse, both depend on the context. When the justifications have weight, their reasoning tries to justify and persuade; instead, excuses are rhetorical devices, aimed at wanting to exempt oneself from responsibility.
Elusive by definition, the problem with excuses is that you don’t take responsibility. Depending on the context, its meaning resembles or differs from a justification.
“The excuse is a reason or pretext that is invoked to evade an obligation or to excuse an omission. The justification is a valid reason with which the action taken is supported“.
Excuses are very common in every society. Although sometimes the “excuses are justified” when something was not achieved, was not achieved, period. There is no excuse to justify it.
Justification comes in a thousand forms. A justification tells us why reason is worth doing. A justification gives us a “fair” reason why some reason deserves to be understood and digested from another perspective. An excuse only gives us a “pretext” to atone for all guilt.
There is always an excuse for everything, if we want it, good or bad. Let’s say, If we are late because there was traffic, when if we are responsible and want to be punctual “what is justified is to take a little extra time and arrive early”
Differentiating between excuse and justification, although it seems somewhat difficult, in reality, it is not so difficult. Although many excuses should be considered as a justification, a justification should always be accompanied by one reason followed by another.